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Culture and traditions of Ukraine

Tuesday, 09 February 2010 09:46

The main factor that influenced the formation of Ukrainian culture, was the adoption of Christianity in Kievan Rus in X century.

On the one hand, it has led to the occurrence of the common European cultural space in Kievan Rus, which bore the character of borrowing accumulated in this space of values.

On the other - it has led to the close links between culture and religion, manifested in the literature in the predominance of religious genres, in architecture - in the primary focus of the efforts and talents to build the temples. However, the growing culture is working closely with folk art and traditions.

First people appeared on Ukrainian territory about 300 thousand years ago. Around 1500 BC nomadic tribes settled on Ukrainian soil.

In IX-X centuries the state Kievan Rus has established with its capital in Kiev ruled by dynasty Rurik.

In 1325 Lithuanian prince Gedemin defeated Russian army of Prince Svyatoslav on the river Irpen and established a protectorate over Kievan Rus.

Since the XVI century the value of the new social stratum - the Cossacks - has increased, the center of which on Ukrainian lands was Zaporozhye Sech.

Ukrainian Central Rada on 7 (20) November 1917 proclaimed Ukrainian National Republic as a part of Russia, and on January 25, 1918 proclaimed the independence of Ukraine and declared its withdrawal from Russia.

In 1922 Ukrainian SSR joined the USSR. As a result of Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact in 1939 Western Ukraine joined Ukrainian SSR, and in 1940 - Northern Bukovina and Ukrainian part of Bessarabia.

1991 August, 24 the Verkhovna Rada declared independence of Ukraine. Democratic political system was formed, enshrined in the Constitution of 1996.

Ukrainian cooking school is rather complicated and diverse. Located on the crossroads of trade routes, the country "absorbed" the traditions of many nations, bringing to it a great number of original dishes and recipes.

Calling card of the country - is Ukrainian borshch. Among meat products pork, beef and poultry fried and stewed are widely used. Equally popular are fish dishes.

Among them there are particularly noteworthy, such as herring in Kiev, carp baked in sour, pike stewed with horseradish sauce, carp stuffed with mushrooms and buckwheat.

A great number of celebrations are held on the eve of Christmas and Easter accross the whole country. Spring theatrical and musical "Festival Virtuosi" (May) is also interesting and is held in Lviv. On Aug. 28 a religious pilgrimage to the majestic Pochayivsky monastery is carried out. In September in Kosovo (Ivano-Frankivsk region) the International Hutsul Festival is held.

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Ukraine (Ukrainian: Україна, transliterated: Ukrayina) is a country in Eastern Europe. It is bordered by Russia to the east; Belarus to the north; Poland, Slovakia, and Hungary to the west; Romania and Moldova to the southwest; and the Black Sea and Sea of Azov to the south. The city of Kiev (Kyiv) is both the capital and the largest city of Ukraine.
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