Luhansk (formerly Luhanske) also known as Lugansk (Ukrainian: Луганськ, pronounced [luˈɦɑnʲsʲk], translit. Luhans’k (formerly Луганське); Russian: Луга́нск, translit. [luˈɡɑnsk]) is a city in southeastern Ukraine. It is the administrative center of the Luhansk Oblast (province). The city itself is also designated as its own separate municipality within the oblast, and is part of the Donbass region. The current estimated population is around 445,900 (as of 2004)
The city traces its history to 1795, when the British industrialist Charles Gascoigne founded a metal factory there. It was the beginning of an industry that still thrives there today. Luhansk achieved the status of city in 1882. Located in the Donets Basin, Luhansk was developed by the Soviet authorities into an important industrial center of the Eastern Europe, particularly a home to the major locomotive-building company.
During the Soviet times the city was known as Voroshilovgrad (Russian and Ukrainian: Ворошиловград) in honour
of the Soviet military commander and politician Kliment Voroshilov, a native of Lugansk. The name was changed on November 5, 1935, but on March 5, 1958, the old name was reinstated in accordance with a new law that prohibited namings in honour of living people. On January 5, 1970, after Voroshilov died, the name was changed again to Voroshilovgrad. Finally, on May 4, 1990, a decree of the Supreme Soviet of the Ukrainian SSR gave back the city its original name.
On September 7, 2006, Archaeologists in Ukraine claimed an ancient pyramidal structure, which they allege outdates those in Egypt by at least 300 years, was discovered near Luhansk. The stone foundations of the structure are said to resemble Aztec and Mayan pyramids in South America. It is though later concluded that it is not a pyramid but still of great interest.
- Serhiy Bubka (born 1963), Soviet and Ukrainian pole vaulter, World Record holder, and Olympic Champion - Vasyliy Bubka (born 1960), Soviet and Ukrainian pole vaulter - Volodymyr Dahl (1801-1872), greatest Russian lexicographer - Fedir Emelianenko (born 1976), a mixed martial arts champion - Andriy Serdinov (born 1982), Ukrainian swimmer - Klyment Voroshylov (1881-1969), Soviet military commander, born in a suburb of Luhansk - Oleksandr Zavarov (born 1961), a famous Soviet and Ukrainian football player and coach - Valeriy Brumel (1942 - 2003), a famous Soviet olympic champion - Mykola Shmatko (born 1943), is a contemporary Ukrainian sculptor, professor and painter. - Serhiy Semak Russian football player - Tatyana Snezhyna Russian poetess, composer and singer. - Dr. Dmytro E Kourennyi Anatomy and Physiology at Case Western Reserve University
Ukraine (Ukrainian: Україна, transliterated: Ukrayina) is a country in Eastern Europe. It is bordered by Russia to the east; Belarus to the north; Poland, Slovakia, and Hungary to the west; Romania and Moldova to the southwest; and the Black Sea and Sea of Azov to the south. The city of Kiev (Kyiv) is both the capital and the largest city of Ukraine.